7 Common Household Pests and How to Get Rid of Them

household pests

Did you know that insects represent 80% of all animal species? In fact, they outnumber humans 200 million to one!

Given that, it’s not surprising to know that we share our homes with many creepy crawlies.

Do you have house bugs? Want to know what some of the most common household pests are? If so, you’re on the right page.

We’ll be going over everything that you need to know below. Keep reading to learn more!

1. Ants

Ants are one of the most common pests found in the United States. Aside from the house ant, which is the most common type, there’s also the carpenter ant, which sports a brown or reddish color.

Unlike the former, they can compromise your home’s integrity by damaging wooden structures (they damage wood through their nest building). Not only that, but they can also chew through wirings, which can pose a potential fire hazard for household pests.

To keep them out of your house, keep your space clean. Don’t leave food out in the open and make sure there aren’t any crumbs left on your countertops.

If necessary, you can also use bait traps; the ant will eat the bait and take it back to their nest, killing off the rest of the colony.

2. Silverfish

Silverfish are wingless insects that are known for their shiny grey color. Prehistoric in appearance, they have two long antennae, a slender body, and a tapered tail.

Sensitive to moisture, they require high levels of humidity to survive. For this reason, they often infest dark, damp areas such as basements, attics, garages, and bathrooms.

And like many pests, they feed on various types of materials including paper, glue, insulation, and wallpaper. Not only that, but they enjoy human foods as well such as flour, rolled oats, and dried pasta.

To keep them at bay, reduce the humidity in your home (30-40% is ideal). You can do this by ventilating your room or using a dehumidifier.

Sprinkling diatomaceous earth is also effective; it’ll destroy their outer coating, causing them to lose moisture and die.

3. Cockroaches

household pests

Cockroaches are medium-sized insects that can grow up to 2” in length. Highly resourceful, they can enter your home through small cracks or holes and can also hitch rides on suitcases, bags, and clothing.

Not only can they cause allergic reactions (their feces and saliva contain allergens), but they can also transmit diseases such as cholera, typhoid fever, dysentery, and leprosy, some of which may be life-threatening.

As is the case with ants, you can keep them away by keeping the house clean. This means washing and putting away dishes after meals, cleaning crumbs, taking out the garbage, and sealing food in containers.

4. Bed Bugs

Bed bugs are small, parasitic insects that feed on the blood of people and animals. Nocturnal eaters, hide in the cracks and crevices of box springs, bed frames, and headboards during the day and come out to feed at night.

While they don’t transmit diseases, they can be annoying as their bites can be very irritating. Excessive scratching can also lead to secondary skin infections.

While you can control their numbers by vacuuming, washing, and freezing household pests, professional bed bug removal services will be necessary if you want to eliminate the infestation.

5. Spiders

Spiders may be beneficial to our ecosystem but that doesn’t mean that they can’t cause problems inside the household pests. For one thing, there are poisonous species such as the Brown Recluse and Black Widow.

While they’re generally shy, they can bite if they see you as a threat. In fact, they can leave you with welt-sized abrasions, which can cause serious harm if not treated immediately.

Given the potential dangers, it’s best to hire a professional spider removal company if you find these critters in your house.

6. Mosquitos

household pests

There are more than 3,000 species of mosquitos, 176 of which can be found in North America. Short-distance flyers, they can get into a home through open doors or windows.

Interestingly enough, it’s only the female mosquito that bites as they require blood to produce their eggs. Not only are their bites super itchy, but they can also transmit diseases such as dengue fever, yellow fever, malaria, and the West Nile virus.

What’s the best way to get rid of them? Eliminate standing water (e.g. bird baths, pails, planters)—that will reduce the number of areas where they can lay eggs. You can also prevent household pests from entering your home by installing insect screens.

7. Termites

Termites are wood-eating insects that can damage your home from the inside out. That is, they can eat through walls, ceilings, and insulation, all of which will compromise the building’s structural integrity.

Depending on the size of the infestation, you may notice chewing noises, discarded wings, or mud tubes on exterior walls. You might also notice a hollow sound if you knock on a wooden structure in your home.

Unless you know what you’re doing, it’s highly recommended that you hire a household pest control company. They’ll be able to identify the source of the infestation and treat it with a custom plan that will meet the needs of your home.

Identifying Common Household pests

And there we have it—seven common household pests and how to get rid of them. Remember, the sooner you deal with an infestation, the easier it’ll be.

For more pest control tips, check out the rest of our Home and Gardening section!

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